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2020年4月11日职称英语考试《卫生类》B类真题(阅读理解:第二篇)

职称英语 2020-04-11 11:32:49 0
短文后有5道题,每题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。    

第二篇 Obesity(肥胖) in the Western World

Obesity is rapidly becoming a new scourge of the western world, delegates agreed at the 11th European Conference on the issue in Vienna Wednesday to Saturday. According to statements before the opening of the conference —— of 2,000 specialists from more than 50 countries 一 1. 2 billion people worldwide are overweight, and 250 million are obese.

Professor Bernhard Ludvik of Vienna General Hospital said,“ Obesity is a chronic illness. In Germany,20 per cent of the people are already affected,but in Japan only one per cent. ” But he said that there was hope for sufferers thanks to the new scientific discoveries and medication.

Professor Friedrich Hopichler of Salzberg said, "We are living in the new age (but) with the metabolism(新陈代谢) of a stone-age man" “I have just been to the United States. It is really terrible. A pizza shop is springing up on every comer. We have been overrun by fast food and Coca-Cola-ization. ”

Many of the experts stressed that obesity was a potential killer. Hopichler said, “Eighty percent of all diabetics are obese,also fifty per cent of all patients with high blood pressure and fifty per cent with adipose(脂肪的) tissue complaints. ” "Ten per cent more weight means thirteen per cent more risk of heart disease. Reducing one's weight by ten per cent leads to thirteen per cent lower blood pressure. ”

Another expert Hermann Toplak said that the state health services should improve their financing of preventive programs. "Though the health insurance pays for surgery (such as reducing the size of the stomach) when the body-mass index is more than 40. That is equivalent to a weight of 116 kilograms for a height of 1.70 meters. One should start earlier. ”

Ludvik said that prevention should begin in school. “ Child obesity (fat deposits) correlates(与……相关) with the time which children spend in front of TV sets. ”

The consequences were only apparent later on. No more than fifteen per cent of obese people lived to the average life expectancy for their population group.

1 Which of the following is true about obesity?

A. People in Japan needn’t worry about obesity.

B. Obesity is a disease that lasts for a long time.

C.20% of the people in the world are overweight.

D.Obesity should be cured with new medication

查看原文纠错 2 Which of the following does Prof. Friendrich Hopichler probably agree?

A. Diabetes is mainly caused by obesity.

B. 50% of patients with high blood pressure complained about obesity.

C. The fast food supplied in American pizza shops is tasteless.

D. The more one weights, the more likely he is to suffer from heart disease.

查看原文纠错 3 Hermann Toplak suggested that more money should be spent on_______.

A. health insurance

B. preventive programs

C. state health services

D. obesity-related surgeries

查看原文纠错 4 Which of the following is most often accompanied by obesity?

A. Diabetes

B. High blood pressure

C. Stomachache

D. Adipose tissue complaints

查看原文纠错 5 ”The consequences” in the last paragraph result from people_____.

A. reducing their weight

B. eating fast food

C. getting obese

D. spending too much time in front of TV sets

查看原文纠错
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